Cygnus Resupply Ship Attached to Station Unity Module

Oct. 5, 2020: International Space Station Configuration. Four spaceships are docked to the space station including Russia’s Progress 75 and 76 resupply ships and Soyuz MS-16 crew ship and Northrop Grumman’s Cygnus-14 resupply ship.

The Northrop Grumman Cygnus spacecraft was bolted into place on the International Space Station’s Earth-facing port of the Unity module at 8:01 a.m. EDT while the spacecraft were flying about 261 miles above the South Pacific Ocean. Cygnus will remain at the space station until its departure in mid-December. Following departure, the Saffire-V experiment will be conducted prior to Cygnus deorbit and disposing of several tons of trash during a fiery re-entry into Earth’s atmosphere approximately two weeks later.

The spacecraft’s arrival brings close to 8,000 pounds of scientific investigations, technology demonstrations, commercial products, and other cargo. Highlights of the items aboard Cygnus include:

Improving how we ‘go’ in space

A new toilet is headed to the space station. Its features improve on current space toilet operations and help NASA prepare for future missions, including those to the Moon and Mars. The Universal Waste Management System (UWMS) demonstrates a compact toilet and the Urine Transfer System that further automates waste management and storage. The smaller footprint of the UWMS supports a possible increase in the number of crew members aboard the space station, as well as planning for future exploration missions.

Energy and water from waste

The investigation Elucidating the Ammonia Electrochemical Oxidation Mechanism via Electrochemical Techniques at the ISS (Ammonia Electrooxidation) examines a process for ammonia oxidation in microgravity. An electrochemical ammonia removal system could serve as an innovative water recovery system on long-duration missions to the Moon and Mars and provide vital drinkable water in remote and arid areas on Earth.

Adding radishes to the space salad

A new crop of vegetables is headed to the space station. While previous experiments have grown different types of lettuces and greens aboard the orbiting laboratory, the Assessment of Nutritional Value and Growth Parameters of Space-grown Plants (Plant Habitat-02) investigation adds radishes to the mix, cultivating seeds to see how different light and soil conditions affect growth. Findings could help optimize growth of the plants in space, as well as provide an assessment of their nutrition and taste.

Identifying targeted cancer treatments

The Leveraging Microgravity to Screen Onco-selective Messenger RNAs for Cancer Immunotherapy (Onco-Selectors) investigation tests drugs based on messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNA) for treating leukemia. In normal gravity, the drugs to be tested are onco-selective, meaning they can distinguish cancer cells from healthy ones. Researchers expect any drugs that also demonstrate this trait in microgravity could make good candidates for safer, more effective, and affordable medicines to treat leukemia and other cancers. This could improve survival rates for thousands of people every year.

Spacewalks in virtual reality

The International Space Station Experience (ISS Experience) is creating an immersive virtual reality series documenting life and research aboard the space station. Partnering with the ISS National Lab and TIME, a team from Felix and Paul Studios launched a customized 360-degree camera to the space station in December 2018 that crew members have used to record a few hours inside the station every week. Felix and Paul and partner NanoRacks further modified an additional camera to withstand the extreme conditions of space and are launching for use in filming a spacewalk. The new camera will be mounted to the Canadarm2 to capture a spacewalk from start to finish as well as footage of Earth and the exterior of the space station.

These are just a few of the hundreds of investigations currently being conducted aboard the orbiting laboratory in the areas of biology and biotechnology, physical sciences, and Earth and space science. Advances in these areas will help to keep astronauts healthy during long-duration space travel and demonstrate technologies for future human and robotic exploration beyond low-Earth orbit to the Moon and Mars through NASA’s Artemis program.

In addition to science and research, this launch will also support commercial space endeavors. Estée Lauder’s New Advanced Night Repair serum will be photographed in the space station’s iconic cupola window as part of NASA’s efforts to enable commercial activities at the space station and develop a robust low-Earth orbit economy. The imagery will be used on the brand’s social media platforms. These opportunities can help catalyze and expand space exploration markets for many businesses.

Learn more about space station activities by following @space_station and @ISS_Research on Twitter as well as the ISS Facebook and ISS Instagram accounts.

5 thoughts on “Cygnus Resupply Ship Attached to Station Unity Module”

  1. Hi, I am Ivo Pestana, 55 years old, I am from an island on Atlantic Ocean called Madeira, so I am portuguese man. I always liked to know about space, since men were on moon. I like Nasa tv, launchs are fantastic and I am looking forward to see Starship on Space and men on moon again. Space X, Blue Origin and Nasa, are so important for world. Congratulations and thanks for all you make. I love to see dark sky, on night and to know there is ISS, and people living there. Is amazing feeling. Bye bye from Madeira island, portugal. Ivo Pestana

    1. Hi Ivo, glad you took time to send your commrnts. I also have lived a long life with space adventures being the centerpiece. I am from Ohio & now live in Virginia, both places having contributed to advancing flight & space technologies. Never been to Madeira, sounds enchanting. Charles Gross

    2. Ivo, you are lucky that you have a dark sky to view, possibly, the ISS traveling over Maderia in that dark sky. Most don’t have a dark sky where they live to view the ISS or to view Venus, Mars, Jupiter or Saturn due to too much light pollution.

    3. even after so many years we try not to miss a ISS flight over our place , sometimes we gather with neighbors to watch , always a greeting shouted up towards the resident crew present or a wave . Children here are most astonished watching the tiny light cross the sky and learning all about the space station .
      visiting the NASA side every day .We like the view from up there towards our planet earth . The future is looking good for the space programs in times ahead . H.

  2. Activities in space by NASA, industry, and other space agencies can only help humanity. From ISS scientific studies, to exo-planet research, studies of the outer planets and other far objects in our solar system, examination of our star the sun, exploration of the moon, mars, asteroids and comets, to research and observation of our beautiful planet, Mother Earth. How awesome! It’s so interesting to read and keep up with all that is being done. I wish there were more focus on engine efficiency and a space elevator—to further open space access to humanity. Keep it up! Human curiosity and engineering genius are the cornerstones to our progress as a species!

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